Female’s transition through three definitive periods in their life: the pre-reproductive period of prepubescence, the reproductive age, and finally the end of fertility. Whereas the transition from child to woman is characterized by puberty, the end of fertility in midlife is ushered in by. Menopause signifies the permanent cessation of menstruation or reproductive fertility that brings about profound physical, emotional, and social changes to females. Unlike in past centuries or even today in countries with lower life expectancies such as Afghanistan where women live up to only 44 years on average, women of today may spend more than half their lives living the post-menopausal life. As a result, psychologists are increasingly conducting research that investigates the post-menopausal lifestyles of women. In particular, because menopause is rooted in the sexual function of women, psychosexual psychiatrists have paid attention to the psychosexual effects that menopause has.
Although menopause signals the end of menses, it is actually quite a gradual process that occurs over the course of a few years. Perimenopause is highlighted by decreased levels of circulating estrogen and has many symptoms associated with it, such as hot flashes, migraine headaches, and psychosomatic symptoms such as irritability and forgetfulness. Because menopause is caused by the natural cessation of hormone production by the ovaries, scientists analyze ovarian hormones ñ in particular, estrogens, androgens, and progesterone ñ and how the alteration in their bodily production influences the psychological and sexual makeup of post-menopausal women. As it regards female sexuality, menopause impacts psychologically as much as it does physiologically.
Among the biggest misconception concerning post-menopausal women is that they lose their libido, whereas men never lose their lust and capacity to sexually perform. That is absolutely incorrect as post-menopausal women can remain quite sexual. However, because females do undergo more dramatic biological changes than their male counterparts, menopause is more likely to challenge previous sexual functioning and have psychosexual effects, including the reduction in their sexual drive. The most common psychosexual effect menopause has in females includes the increase of psychosexual dysfunctions, such as orgasmic disorder, hypoactive sexual desire disorder, or even sexual pain disorders. Sexual arousal becomes more challenging with the fatigue and irritations that accompany menopause. Libido is hurt by (more…)